1429 год по Хиджре


(начало священного месяца Мухаррам)

10 января исповедующие ислам отмечают мусульманский Новый 1429 по Хиджре год, первый день священного месяца Мухаррам. Эта дата не включена в число праздников ислама и, соответственно, в большинстве мусульманских стран Новый год не отмечают как праздник в традиционном понимании. В этот день в мечетях читают проповедь, посвященную переезду пророка Мухаммеда из Мекки в Медину. Мухаррам — один из четырех месяцев, в течение которых запрещаются конфликты, кровная месть, войны.

Лунный мусульманский год длится 354 дня 8 часов 48 минут и 34 секунды. Мусульмане отмечают свой новогодний праздник как день духовного возрождения.

Поскольку год по мекканскому лунному счету короче христианского солнечного, время его наступления ежегодно смещается. Он постепенно сближается с христианским календарем.

Сегодня все мусульманские страны живут по общепринятому христианскому календарю, а по летоисчислению Хиджры определяются лишь основные события в жизни мусульман мира — наступление поста Рамадана, сезона паломничества, исламских праздников и памятных дат.

Египетские мусульмане собираются отметить наступление Нового года молитвами, религиозными празднованиями, посвященными переселению Пророка.


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